Abstract

At high frequencies f the spectrum of S-wave accelerations is characterized by a trend of exponential decay, e−πkf. In our study, the spectral decay parameter k shows little variation at a single station for multiple earthquakes at the same distances, but it increases gradually as the epicentral distance increases. For multiple recordings of the San Fernando earthquake, k increases slowly with distance, and k is systematically smaller for sites on rock than for sites on alluvium. Under the assumption that the Fourier spectrum of acceleration at the source is constant above the corner frequency (an ω−2 source model), the exponential decay is consistent with an attenuation model in which Q increases rapidly with depth in the shallow crustal layers.

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