abstract

A series of small earthquakes (0.5 ≦ ML ≦ 3.0) along a 60-km segment of the San Andreas Fault in the vicinity of Palmdale, California, has been recorded since 1976 by an array operated by the California Institute of Technology. The events were analyzed in two steps. First, travel-time data from four regionally well-recorded events (ML = 2.2, 2.8, 3.0, 2.8) were inverted using a nonlinear least-squares algorithm to obtain a local velocity model consisting of an upper crustal layer with linearly increasing velocity in dipping contact with a constant velocity half-space. Hypocenters of over 150 events were relocated using this velocity model. Most of the events are clustered between the mapped traces of the San Andreas and Punchbowl faults; however, there has been a migration of activity along the San Andreas Fault. Activity which began in a 5-km cluster has expanded during a 2-yr period to fill a 60-km segment of the fault.

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