abstract

The Rayleigh waves at Δ ∼40° from an eastern Kazakh explosion are shown to be polarity reversed and delayed relative to the Rayleigh waves from two other explosions of comparable magnitudes in the same area. The event generating the anomalous Rayleigh waves excited very strong Love waves which were not delayed. The Rayleigh wave phase reversal is shown to be a source phenomenon and it is suggested that in this particular case, spall closure was responsible for a major part of the Rayleigh-wave generation.

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