A study on elucidation of possible amplification characteristic of strong motions due to deep situated deposit was made by means of 1 to 5 sec microtremors observation. At the Tokachi-oki earthquake of 1968 (M=7.9) several accelerograms were obtained, among which some are dominant but others are not significant in longer periods than 1 sec. To understand whether these differences are from source and path effects or site conditions is important for estimating seismic input motions to high-rise buildings. A long-period microtremors observation was introduced to pursue this problem.
Observations were carried out in three cities where the typical acceleration records had been obtained, employing a specially designed instrument good for the microtremors with periods ranging from 0.5 to 6 sec. Each observation line was chosen so as to traverse the accelerograph site along which a remarkable geological change of the underground structure is expected, for example, from the outcrop of bedrock to the alluvial deposit.
Through comparison of the obtained spectra and their peaks with those derived from the strong-motion records, it was derived that their predominancy and predominant period in the long-period range are clearly responsible to the presence of deep situated deposit.
A formulation of observation and analysing procedures of the long-period microtremors was also proposed, paying attention to overcome the defects in the well-known technique for the short-period microtremors.