Abstract

The rotationally and elliptically split normal modes of the earth are observed for the 1960 Chilean earthquake by analysis in the time domain. One hundred and fifty hours of the Isabella, California, strain record are narrow band filtered about the central frequency of each split multiplet to isolate the complex wave form resulting from the interference of the different singlets. We compute synthetic seismograms using our previous theoretical results, which show the dependence of the amplitude and phase of the singlets on source location, depth, mechanism, and the position of the receiver. By comparing these synthetics to the filtered record, we conclusively demonstrate the splitting of modes whose splitting had not been definitely resolved: torsional modes (0T3, 0T4) and spheroidal modes (0S4, 0S5). The splitting of 0S2 and 0S3 is reconfirmed. We obtain good agreement between the synthetics and the filtered data for a source mechanism (previously determined from long-period surface waves) of thrust motion on a shallow dipping fault.

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