abstract

Interpretation of a seismic profile extending 548 km southward from the GASBUGGY nuclear test of December 10, 1967 resulted in a crustal model for central New Mexico. The crust is 39.9 km thick below the Paleozoic “basement”. It consists of an upper crust 18.6 km thick having P velocity 6.15 km/sec, and a lower crust 21.3 km thick having P velocity 6.5 km/sec. The apparent upper mantle velocity is 8.12 km/sec. This model applies near the crossover distance, 50 km west of Albuquerque. Additional information from earthquakes and explosions suggests that the upper crustal velocity drops to 5.8 km/sec in the Rio Grande rift, and that the true upper mantle velocity is 7.9 km/sec. The low upper crustal velocity in the Rio Grande rift can be detected on the record section of the GASBUGGY profile.

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