abstract

Using P-wave residuals for teleseismic events observed at the Montana Large Aperture Seismic Array (LASA), we have determined the three-dimensional seismic structure of the lithosphere under the array to a depth of 140 km. The root-mean-square velocity fluctuation was found to be at least 3.2 per cent which may be compared to estimate of ca. 2 per cent based on the Chernov random medium theory. The solutions are given by both the generalized inverse and stochastic inverse methods in order to demonstrate the relative merit of different inversion techniques.

The most conspicuous feature of the lithosphere under LASA is a low-velocity anomaly in the central and northeast part of the array siting area with the N60°E trend and persisting from the upper crust to depths greater than 100 km. We interpret this low-velocity anomaly as a zone of weakness caused by faulting and shearing associated with the building of the Rocky Mountains.

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