abstract

An ocean-bottom seismometer capsule containing a 1-Hz vertical seismometer and triggered digital recording system has been developed and tested off the coast of San Diego. The output of the seismometer is continuously digitized at 64, 128, or 256 samples per second. The digital data is mixed with a time code and passed through a 256 sample shift register which acts as a delay line. It is then mixed with synchronization characters, serialized, encoded, and recorded on a SONY TC800B tape recorder which is turned on when a seismic event occurs. The event trigger occurs when the seismic signal jumps to at least twice the time-averaged input signal. Data are recovered using the same recorder for playback and a decoder which provides an analog output for field data interpretation or a digital output for computer analysis. The capsule itself falls freely to the ocean bottom. After a predetermined time it is released from a 150-lb steel tripod and floats to the surface. A dual timer and explosive bolt system provides a high recovery reliability. A number of seismic events have been measured in field tests and the system has proven to be extremely simple to check out, diagnose, and deploy.

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