abstract

Seismic events can be relocated relative to a reference event by using the group-velocity dispersion curves of surface waves. Since group velocity is a function of the travel path, surface waves from two events in the same locale should show identical group velocities when viewed at any one seismograph station. A computer technique has been developed for comparing the group-velocity curves of any event with the curves of a reference event and for determining the relocation which causes the curves to best coincide. The method is evaluated by relocating eight intermediate-size nuclear explosions of the Nevada Test Site series. With precise curve fitting, the surface-wave locations are slightly more accurate in southern Nevada than the standard body-wave determinations. The surface-wave origin times are considerably more accurate. In areas of sparse station coverage or of many small earthquakes, the surface-wave method can be expected to improve seismic locations significantly.

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