A least-squares method has been developed to determine the free periods and damping constants of an electromagnetic seismograph from its calibration pulse. The resulting values are correct to within a few tenths of one per cent for synthetic calibration pulses, even when moderate levels of microseismic noise are present.
The seismograph constants of the long-period vertical component at Dallas, Texas were determined from in situ measurements and compared with those calculated from the calibration pulse. The results agreed to within four per cent or better for the free periods and damping constants, after correcting for the linear trend and the base coordinate system of the observed pulse. The values differed by as much as 30 per cent when the linear trend and base coordinate corrections were ignored.
Two sets of instrumental constants from an unmatched pair of horizontal seismographs were determined from their calibration pulses. Directions of particle motion for a Love wave train recorded on the same instruments were computed before and after instrumental corrections; the results differed by as much as 8 degrees.