A shear velocity structure having features similar to the Gutenberg model for the upper 200 km of the mantle is consistent with features of higher mode Rayleighwave group-velocity dispersion curves in the period range 4 to 30 seconds, for paths across southern New Guinea. Pronounced discontinuities appear to be absent within the crust where shear velocities are expected to gradually increase with depth. Clearly dispersive second mode (M21) Rayleigh waves, well separated in time from the fundamental mode, are shown for path lengths less than 2000 km. Frequencies excited show some dependence on focal depth. Stationary wave groups of period 10-20 seconds, very like the Sa phase, and generated by earthquakes of focal depth between 100 and 160 km coincide with expected normal mode group arrivals.