Abstract

Analog recording tapes from the Yellowknife seismic array have been processed diqitally in Canada for over a year, with concentration on the automatic detection and epicenter location of events between 26° and 90° distance, using short period P-wave arrivals.

For the purpose of detection, signals from the individual seismometers in the two arms of the cross array are analog band-pass filtered, digitized at 20 samples/s, multiplexed into a digital computer, velocity and azimuth filtered and correlated, using an exponentially weighted integration over time with an equivalent width of 1.6 s. The correlograms for up to 168 phased beams are scanned for values exceeding a preset trigger level and an event is recorded when the level is passed consistently a number of times. In late 1966, during a seismically quiet period and with the array fully operational, the 50 per cent automatic detection level achieved by this method for events in the Third Zone to Yellowknife was m4.0 ± 0.1, slightly better than the level of an analog trigger operated at the station which uses the correlogram method for a single unphased beam only. The 50 per cent detection level of the Yellowknife standard station is about m4.4 and thus the array-computer automatic detection method gives about Δm0.4 improvement, which is expected from the processing method used if the noise is largely uncorrelated. No significant variations in the detection level with azimuth have yet been observed.

Approximate epicenter locations are determined from the best apparent arrival vector. The best vector is assumed to be given by the maxima of parabolas at constant azimuth and wave number interpolated between the highest values of the correlograms.

USCGS P.D.E. information is used in conjunction with the J-B tables to calculate an expected apparent arrival vector. The difference between the expected and best interpolated arrival vectors has an average deviation of about 6 ms/km. Their distribution does not suggest a simple crustal or upper mantle cause under the array station.

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