Arrays of detectors placed at discrete points are often used in problems requiring high resolution in wave number for a limited number of detectors. The resolution performance of an array depends on the positions of detectors as well as the data processing of the array output. The performance can be expressed in terms of the “spectrum window”.

Spectrum windows may be designed by a general least-square fit procedure. An alternate approach is to design the array to obtain the largest uniformly spaced coarray, the set of points which includes all the difference spacings of the array. Some designs obtained from the two methods are given and compared.

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