abstract

Four local seismic events digitally recorded on a crossed-linear array have been analyzed to evaluate the representation of wave propagation in inhomogeneous earth models in terms of “local” dispersion. The analysis techniques studied are based primarily on the correlation properties of the signals at various receivers. Frequency-wave-number spectra are computed for the events by various methods, and a comparison of the results indicates that the best method is a combination using averaged correlations computed from prewhitened data. The utility of computing dispersion curves from an estimation of the “transfer function” has been evaluated. The studies show the necessity of recording data directly “inline” in areas of rough topography between source and array if “local” dispersion is to be measured. Multichannel prediction studies indicate that the signals are highly nonstationary in space.

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