Abstract

The well-known first motion method of Nakano and Byerly is extended, generalized and combined with recent new ideas in body wave theory in order to set up a routine procedure for extracting source parameters from spectral analysis of isolated P and S pulses recorded at a net of standardized stations around a non-shallow source.

The method consists of compensating the observed spectrums for instrumental and propagational effects. A combined study of the resulting radiation patterns, initial phases, and the initial amplitudes will render information regarding the spatial and temporal nature of deep and intermediate earthquake sources as seen through the spectral window of 10-100 seconds. The shorter periods can be used for source studies only if an accurate station correction is available.

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