Fundamental mode Rayleigh and Love wave phase velocities in the period range 5 to 80 seconds have been measured in the central U. S. Using the concept of constant partial derivatives of phase velocity with respect to layer parameters in a least-squares inversion scheme a structural model for the area was determined. Several parameters were constrained on the basis of other available data. It was not possible to fit satisfactorily both Rayleigh and Love data with a simple isotropic model. Conclusions require either anisotropy in the upper mantle or systematic errors in the phase velocity measurements.

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