The attenuation of seismic waves is a direct measure of the absorption due to nonelastic processes in the earth. The well known difficulties in obtaining body wave amplitude decrement data have been avoided by studying the spectral ratios of multiple ScS and sScS phases from two deep focus earthquakes recorded at near normal incidence. The average Q, for shear, in the mantle is about 600 for the frequency range 0.015 to 0.07 cps. Assuming that equal radiation occurs upwards and downwards from the source the average Q for the upper 600 km of the mantle is determined to be about 200 and about 2200 for the rest of the mantle. The value for Q at the base of the mantle is at least 5000 for shear waves.