Summary

The travel-time curve of the first section of SKS depends much on the velocity in the outer part of the core. It begins on the travel-time curve of ScS at an epicentral distance somewhere between 65° and 90°, depending on the velocity of longitudinal waves just below the surface of the core. The extreme values correspond to velocities there of approximately 8.0 and 7.4 km/sec., respectively. If the distance where SKS begins is relatively large, its first section extends to decreasing distances and is convex towards the axis of distance, and SKS must have an odd number of cusps with focal points (at least one) where it reverses in direction and changes from convex to concave or vice versa. If SKS begins at a relatively short distance, its first segment extends to increasing distances and is concave towards the axis of distance; in this case the number of cusps is even (possibly zero). In an intermediate case, SKS begins with a focal point. In any case, the first segment of the travel-time curve of SKS is below the travel-time curve of ScS. Similar conclusions are correct for SKS. A preliminary study of the observations seems to indicate a focal point of SKS at a distance between 70° and 80°. More detailed investigations which are under way may be used to draw conclusions respecting the velocity of longitudinal waves in the outer part of the core.

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