In September 2017, over 450 lives were lost in Mexico as a result of two unusual, large‐magnitude, normal earthquakes. On 7 September, an M 8.2 earthquake occurred offshore of the State of Oaxaca in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, one of the largest extensional earthquakes to have occurred in a subduction zone. Twelve days later on 19 September an M 7.1 damaging earthquake struck near Puebla and Morelos, over 600 km away. Both earthquakes occurred in the downgoing Cocos plate, which is subducting beneath the North American plate. The first large event was followed on 23 September by a shallow M 6.1 extensional earthquake near Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca. Researchers from Mexico and the United States collaborated to deploy a temporary seismic network to study the aftershocks of the M 8.2 Tehuantepec, Mexico, earthquake, which included a three‐week deployment of 51 Magseis Fairfield Z‐Land 5‐Hz three‐component nodal seismometers (“nodes”) near Juchitán and a 6‐month deployment of 10 Nanometrics Trillium 120PA broadband seismometers with Reftek RT130 dataloggers for 6 months. In this article, we analyze the capabilities of the nodes to calculate the horizontal/vertical (H/V) spectral ratio and relative amplification using both microtremors and earthquakes and validate the results calculated with the nodes using data from broadband stations from this and previous deployments in the area. We create maps showing a correlation of the distribution of the fundamental frequency and relative amplification of the soil and compare them with the geology and the damage caused by the September 2017 earthquakes. There is a lack of public awareness and discrepancies in the construction procedures in the region, and we find that the majority of damaged houses in the area of study followed the location of river beds and tended to be in places with low resonance frequencies despite being in a low amplification zone.

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