Using seismic data recorded on permanent and temporary stations around the Changning area in the Sichuan basin, the high‐resolution 3D crustal VP, VS, VP/VS models and earthquake locations in the Changning–Xingwen area are obtained using the VP/VS model consistency‐constrained double‐difference seismic tomography method. The results show that crustal structures in the source area of the 2019 Ms 6.0 Changning earthquake have significant variations, especially in the depth of 0–7 km. Seismic activity in the Shuanghe and Yutan anticline areas before the Ms 6.0 Changning earthquake outlined several northeast‐trending stripes, implying pre‐existing small‐scale faults that are perpendicular to the major northwest‐striking faults in the Changning–Shuanghe anticline system. We found that the Ms 6.0 Changning earthquake broke through these pre‐existing small‐scale faults and extended from the Shuanghe to the Yutan anticlines. Both the rupture process and aftershock activity were influenced by the pre‐existing small‐scale faults. Most earthquakes within the Changning area are located in a slant zone that gradually deepens from the Shuanghe anticline on the east to the Yutan anticline on the west with the maximum depth from 5 to 10 km, which are associated with obvious high‐VS and low‐VP/VS features. The relocated seismic clusters in the Luochang–Jianwu syncline area have different strikes and dips, which are mainly located at the edge of low‐velocity anomaly bodies and correspond to the low‐VP/VS area.

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