Abstract

We perform a systematic detection of deep tectonic tremor beneath the southern Central Range in Taiwan using a dense, small‐aperture seismic array. Deployed in February 2011, the array has been recording tectonic tremor nearly continuously for 134 days, including tremor triggered by the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake. We use broadband frequency–wavenumber beamforming and moving‐window grid‐search methods to compute array parameters for all continuous data and identify tremor as coherent nonimpulsive seismic signals with deep incidence angles. The obtained array parameters closely match with those of relocated local earthquakes and triggered tremor bursts located by the waveform envelope correlation and clustering (WECC) method, indicating the robustness of our array technique. During the 134‐day study period, we detect tremor for 44 days, with a total duration of 1481 min, three to six times as long as the detection of tremor by the WECC method. We find a relative quiescence in ambient tremor activity for about 20 days following the 2011 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake, suggesting that dynamic stresses from the distant mainshock triggered most tremor close to failure, resulting in a temporary lack of tremor activity. In some cases, we observe rapid tremor migration with a speed at the order of 40–50  km/hr that is similar to the speed of fast tremor migration along dip on narrow streaks in Japan and Cascadia. Our results suggest that dense array techniques are capable of capturing detailed spatiotemporal evolutions of tremor behaviors in southern Taiwan.

Online Material: Tables of station coordinates and tremor event parameters, and figures of the moving‐window grid‐search test with local earthquakes, tremor triggered by the 2011 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake, and additional examples of detected ambient tremors.

You do not currently have access to this article.