We present a preliminary probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) of a site in the Otway basin, Victoria, Australia, as part of the CO2CRC Otway Project for CO2 storage risk. The study involves estimating the likelihood of future strong earthquake shaking at the site and utilizes three datasets: (1) active faults, (2) historical seismicity, and (3) geodetic surface velocities. Our analysis of geodetic data reveals strain rates at the limit of detectability and not significantly different from zero. Consequently, we do not develop a geodetic-based source model for this Otway model.
We construct logic trees to capture epistemic uncertainty in both the fault and seismicity source parameters and in the ground-motion prediction. A new feature for seismic hazard modeling in Australia, and rarely dealt with in low-seismicity regions elsewhere, is the treatment of fault episodicity (long-term activity versus inactivity) in our Otway model. Seismic hazard curves for the combined (fault and distributed seismicity) source model show that hazard is generally low, with peak ground acceleration estimates of less than 0.1g at annual probabilities of 10-3-10-4/yr. Our preliminary analysis therefore indicates that the site is exposed to a low seismic hazard that is consistent with the intraplate tectonic setting of the region and unlikely to pose a significant hazard for CO2 containment and infrastructure.