Structural health monitoring (SHM) aims to improve knowledge of the safety and maintainability of civil structures. The usage of recording systems exploiting wireless communication technology is particularly suitable for SHM, especially for rapid response following earthquakes. In this study, both of these issues are combined, and we report on the application of seismic interferometry to SHM using a dataset of seven earthquakes collected using a novel wireless system of accelerometers during the L’Aquila, Italy, seismic sequence in 2009.
We show that interferometric analysis allows the estimation of the shear-wave velocity of seismic phases propagating throughout a structure, and, most important for SHM purposes, allows the monitoring of the velocity variations during the aftershock sequence. Moreover, innovatively we apply the S transform to the building response functions retrieved by interferometry to estimate the fundamental resonance frequency and the quality factor Q.