Near urban areas and extending ∼60 km along the eastern margin of the Livermore Valley, the Greenville fault is the easternmost right-lateral strike-slip fault of the San Andreas system in the greater San Francisco Bay area. Notwithstanding the 1980 Livermore earthquake sequence (mainshock ML 5.9) on the Greenville fault, there is no record of recency or of Holocene rates of activity on the Greenville fault, yet this fault exhibits clear geomorphic evidence of late Quaternary faulting. In trenches parallel and normal to the fault through alluvial fan deposits at the Laughlin Road site only pedogenic carbonate was available for forumla dating. Therefore, we applied several photon-stimulated luminescence (PSL) sediment-dating procedures to the silt and sand fractions of six samples. The polymineral-fine-silt multi-aliquot age estimates are generally inaccurate, but the single-grain quartz (SGQ) and multigrain quartz single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) ages from sand grains are in stratigraphic sequence. In trench 3A these SAR ages range from 125±11 yrs (before 2007) within the topmost unit L to 13.45±0.79 ka in the base of the lowermost channel-fill unit G. The SARPSL results demonstrate the importance of the use of SGQ dating for such sediments and provide the first numerical ages used to constrain the slip rate on the Greenville fault. Trench exposures reveal that unit G is an alluvial sequence infilling a paleochannel offset in a right-lateral sense along the northern Greenville fault. Age estimates from upper and middle unit G bracket deposition of subunit Gb are between 11.12±0.55 ka and 10.64±0.85 ka and those from middle and lower unit G bracket deposition of subunit Go are between 11.12±0.55 ka and 13.45±0.79 ka. These SARPSL age estimates and measurements of the lateral offset constrain a preliminary slip-rate estimate to about 2 mm/yr or higher for the northern Greenville fault zone.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.