Large un-walled backfilled burrows of the Taenidium type are known from Paleozoic deltaic marine environments worldwide where they are often associated with Diplichnites trackways. The latter are generally attributed to arthropleurid myriapods and it may be that the burrows were also made by these animals. Here we describe a Taenidium burrow from the Limestone Coal Formation of the Isle of Arran, a formation that also hosts a well-known example of Diplichnites, supporting the association of the two types of trace fossil and extending their known co-occurrence upward into the Upper Carboniferous.

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