As the 20th century dawned, the staff of the Geological Survey in Scotland were at the forefront of innovative groundbreaking science. Meticulous field observations were unraveling Scotland's geological secrets. Peach and Home had just published their iconoclastic memoir on the Southern Uplands and had laid the foundations for their great work on the NW Highlands. Their peers, Clough and Hinxman, had already largely determined the framework of the Southern Highlands and developed a coherent stratigraphy in the Lowland Coalfields. An observer at the time might well have thought that by the end of the century the Geological Survey would have...

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