Sainte-Victoire mountain has been considered as the eroded remnant of a massif whose first signs are known from the upper Cretaceous but which was actually emplaced during the lower Eocene. Three studies of the area have shown that the basic structure, but not the relief, was formed in the Eocene; intense erosion in the Oligocene and Miocene peneplaned the area. In a post-Tortonian phase the structure was uplifted and acquired its present morphology. The uplift is limited on the west by a fault at the foot of the Bau-Roux plateau; the eastern limit is the Delubre fault. The tectonic history of the area developed in seven phases and interphases from the upper Cretaceous to the post-Tortonian.

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