The Sainte-Victoire mountain in southern France has been considered the overturned southern limb of the Vauvenargues anticline, but the structure east of the Delubre fault is complicated by an oblique fold. The western margin is concealed by transgressive Tortonian (middle Miocene) beds covering the plateau of Beaumettes. The anticline probably is upper Cretaceous. Folding was renewed in the upper Lutetian (middle Eocene), and resulted in overturning and thrust faulting of the south limb. Subsequent normal faulting compartmented the mass, resulting in selective differential movement of blocks as horsts and grabens. The term piano keys structure is given to this type of structure.