The Deccan Traps of peninsular India, representing one of the largest flood basalt eruptions on the earth's surface, have been a subject of intensive research in the last three decades because of the attributed link between the Deccan Traps and the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary mass extinctions. In this context, the biota from the sedimentary beds intercalated with the volcanic flows and underlying the oldest volcanic flow are more important for understanding the faunal diversity and palaeobiogeography of India during the time span of volcanic eruptions. A detailed review of the vertebrate faunal diversity of the Deccan volcanic province is presented here.

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