Abstract

The Ain Allega ore deposit represents one of the most significant Pb-Zn Sr-Ba deposits of the flysch zone in northern Tunisia. The total quantity of sulphide produced is 22,700 metric tons, with 13,300 t of galena and 9,400 t of sphalerite. It is located on the eastern edge of the Triassic diapir of the Jebel Hamra. The main ore minerals include sphalerite, galena, pyrite and marcasite, and gangue minerals including dolomite, calcite, celestite, quartz and barite. The mineralization hosted by carbonate rocks, shows some evidence of dissolution and brecciation characteristic of cap-rock formation.

The fluid inclusion study from the celestite suggests that the primary and secondary monophase liquid (L) inclusions are most abundant compared to the other types. The microthermometric analyses of two-phase primary inclusions display homogenization temperatures ranging from 136 to 208°C (average of 180°C) and salinities ranging from 11.34 to 24.38 equivalent weight % NaCl (average of 16.4). The calculated density, pressure and depth are 0.965 g/cm3, 18 bars and 80 m, respectively. The hydrothermal fluid resulted from mixing of basinal brines and magmatic-meteoric solutions. Geological, mineralogical and thermometric data indicate that the Ain Allega ore deposit results of a mixing of basinal fluids (Mississippi valley type deposit) and hydrothermal fluids related to a shallow intrusion.

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