Between 7 and 4 Ma, Alpine deformations were particularly marked in the Mediterranean area and the geography of this region (including the residual central and eastern Paratethys) was affected by tremendous changes related to the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC). The crisis is now widely regarded as the product of tectonic disruptions, but there is no agreement yet on the modalities of the event. The exceptional eustatic changes experienced by the Mediterranean and the Black seas occurred in a very brief time-window (5.60 – 5.33 Ma) and were characterized by a ~1500 m sea-level drop that led to their almost complete...

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