Abstract

A large pterosaur bone, preserved as a natural cast of the interior cavity, was found in an old collection kept at the Natural History Museum of Troyes (France). Although no precise geographical data are available, the lithology of the matrix indicates that it comes from the Hauterivian Toxaster Limestone of the eastern Paris Basin. Despite its unusual preservation, the specimen shows various morphological details, and is identified as an ornithocheiroid pterosaur humerus. This specimen is among the largest known pterosaur humeri (length as preserved: 345 mm), indicating a wing span of more than 7 metres. It shows that giant pterosaurs had already appeared at a very early stage in the Cretaceous.

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