The first fossil footprints to be reported from South America were found in Colombia by Carl Degenhardt in 1839. Although he identified them as bird footprints, his brief description suggests that they were tracks of bipedal dinosaurs (probably theropods). This important episode in the history of palaeoichnology has been almost completely forgotten, probably because Degenhardt's original report was published in a geographical, rather than geological, journal, and because later references to his find erroneously placed it in Mexico instead of Colombia.

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