ABSTRACT

High resolution oxygen isotopes profiles of well-preserved uppermost Jurassic oyster shells and vertebrate (ichthyosaur and fish) teeth from Central Poland were obtained using a microdrill and an ion microprobe (SHRIMP IIe/MC). Internal variability of δ18O values of oyster shells (-1.7 to 1.3‰ VPDB) collected from the offshore interval of the studied section is greater than that determined previously from bulk oysters. Relatively high δ18O values of the studied oysters may be linked to a slight increase in the salinity of the mid-Polish basin. Low δ18O values of co-occurring ichthyosaur tooth enamel substantiate endothermy of these reptiles. An observed ontogenetic increase in the ichthyosaur enamel δ18O values (from ∼ 19.4 to ∼ 21.6‰ VSMOW) may be a result of long distance migrations although the effect of metabolic factors at rising body mass cannot be completely excluded. It is postulated that δ18O values of the latest portion of the ichthyosaur tooth enamel can be used for the calculation of ancient water oxygen isotope composition and verification of oxygen isotope temperatures. High δ18O values of the enameloid of Caturus lungfishes (23.6 to 26.5‰ VSMOW) collected from an upper part of the studied section, which was deposited in a restricted lagoonal environment after a marine regression, are probably a result of a high evaporation rate. The fishes could have breathed atmospheric air and withstood episodes of water hypoxia. Internal oxygen isotope records of the shells and teeth are promising proxies for studies of the paleoenvironment and activity of animals.

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