Geological time units are the lingua franca of earth sciences: they are a terminological convenience, a vernacular of any geological conversation, and a prerequisite of geo-scientific writing found throughout in earth science dictionaries and textbooks. Time units include terms formalized by stratigraphic committees as well as informal constructs erected ad hoc to communicate more efficiently. With these time terms we partition Earth's history into utilitarian and intuitively understandable time segments that vary in length over seven orders of magnitude: from the 225-year-long Anthropocene (Crutzen and Stoermer, 2000) to the ∼4-billion-year-long Precambrian (e.g., Hicks, 1885; Ball, 1906;...
THE GEOZOIC SUPEREON
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MICHAŁ KOWALEWSKI, JONATHAN L. PAYNE, FELISA A. SMITH, STEVE C. WANG, DANIEL W. MCSHEA, SHUHAI XIAO, PHILIP M. NOVACK-GOTTSHALL, CRAIG R. MCCLAIN, RICHARD A. KRAUSE, ALISON G. BOYER, SETH FINNEGAN, S. KATHLEEN LYONS, JENNIFER A. STEMPIEN, JOHN ALROY, PAULA A. SPAETH; THE GEOZOIC SUPEREON. PALAIOS 2011;; 26 (5): 251–255. doi: https://doi.org/10.2110/palo.2011.S03
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