Benthic foraminifera from muddy, intertidal sediments have received considerable attention in the past few decades for their use as sensitive indicators of Holocene sea-level change. Studies of their ecology and taphonomy, however, have suggested that the formation of foraminiferal assemblages may be complex in some settings, often involving processes that occur during and subsequent to burial. Buried foraminiferal assemblages to a greater or lesser extent, therefore, represent the product of both subtle environmental changes and postdepositional modifications. Our ability to recognize and delineate the effects of each is crucial if the effective environmental resolution of fossilized assemblages is to be...

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