Abstract

A transitional ScoyeniaMermia ichnocoenose from the Saint John River, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, is dominated by elements of the Mermia ichnofacies, with traces comparable to Curvolithus, Helminthopsis, Gordia, Spirophycus, and Lockeia. Environmental characteristics are, however, more typical of the Scoyenia ichnofacies, with an emersion event providing conditions favorable to viewing traces preserved in a sand-softground substrate. Observation of in situ trace-making behavior allowed traces to be attributed to their progenitors, which include unionid and sphaeriid bivalves. An omission assemblage of vertebrate tracks also was present, comprising gull, raven, and mink. Oichnus-like borings were observed in some unionid shells. The shallow-tier trace assemblage created in a high-energy river channel may be expected to have a poor preservational potential, with loss of trace definition observed at the water margin during emersion and subsequent deterioration by eolian sediment transport.

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