Geobiology is an interdisciplinary approach to investigating the interactions between biological and geological processes. The term reflects the application of biology to the reconstruction of ancient worlds. Hence, geobiology follows earlier fruitful combinations of geology with other scientific disciplines including chemistry (geochemistry), mathematics (geomathematics), or physics (geophysics).

The two ‘parent disciplines' of geobiology—biology and geology—are both basic research fields. The integration of their subdisciplines (e.g., microbiology, botany, biochemistry, or paleontology, sedimentology, and mineralogy) results in a synthesized application. In geobiology the parent disciplines inspire each other, and frame any hypothesis. As a consequence, they are connected. To verify a hypothesis,...

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