The Argentine Basin is a deep-sea basin located in the South Atlantic Ocean that contains sedimentary deposits derived from different provenances. It is characterized by complex ocean dynamics encompassing diverse spatial and temporal dimensions. The northward subantarctic Malvinas Current and southward subtropical Brazil Current converge at the western margin of the Argentine Basin, resulting in the formation of the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence. Bottom currents, particularly currents flowing alongslope and horizontal eddies, are crucial in shaping the seafloor and in the formation of sedimentary features (e.g. contourites). The poorly understood strength and variability of bottom currents leave the processes that control sedimentation in deep environments unclear. High-resolution (1/12°) reanalysis was used to analyze near-bottom flows and bottom dynamics were compared with seafloor sedimentary characteristics obtained from geophysical datasets and sediment cores. High speeds, up to 3.5 m/s at the surfa ce and up to 1.4 m/s at the bottom, reveal the presence of intense flows in this area. The Zapiola Drift, an approx. 1,200 m high sedimentary deposit located in the central part of the Argentine Basin, is bounded by a zone of high bottom eddy kinetic energy (EKE) that resulted in the erosion of the seafloor and in the accumulation of sandy mud. The Malvinas Current is distinguished by strong and constant currents flowing northwards along the continental slope and by minimal EKE at the bottom. The area of the continental slope along which the Malvinas Current flows corresponds to a contourite terrace, a relatively flat surface composed almost entirely of sandy sediments and with abundant erosional features. The regions of highest EKE activity in the bottom layer is the overshoot of the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence and the Abyssal Plain. Our study highlights the impact of bottom current dynamics on contouritic sedimentation. In some regions, sedimentation is influenced by sporadic processes that occur between intense and weak flow events over time, which are considered intermittent processes. While sedimentation in other areas is controlled by constant flows. A better understanding of the strength and variability of bottom currents will improve paleoceanographic reconstructions based on the sedimentary record.

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