Abstract

Cyclic deposits containing hummocky cross-stratification occur in the upper part of the Cape Sebastian Sandstone of Bourgeois (1980), a shallow marine transgressive sandstone of Late Cetaceous age on the southern Oregon coast. The cycles average 1.6 m in thickness and consist, where complete, of a lower hummocky cross-stratified sandstone, a middle planar and ripple bedded sandstone with a shale bed in its middle part, and an upper bioturbated sandstone. Noteworthy features of the hummocky cross-stratification include the presence of depositional domes in addition to scoured depressions, the absence of significant bedform migration, and the presence of a small proportion of dip angles greater than the angle of repose (>34 degrees ) in addition to the large proportion of low (<15 degrees ) dip angles. The lower, stratified, fining-upward part of the cycle (up to the top of the shale bed) is interpreted as having accumulated under conditions of initially great but gradually decreasing current velocity and deposition rate. The currents probably had a strong oscillatory component, and the depositional event is inferred to have been a storm. The part of the planar- and ripple-bedded sandstone above the shale bed was probably deposited during relatively fair weather after the storm but before re-establishment of a normal benthic fauna. The bioturbated sandstone is interpreted to have been deposited during fair weather or during minor storms separated by long intervals of fair weather.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.