The Drammen clay is considered to be a typical example of normally consolidated marine sediment. Its fabric has been examined using X-ray diffraction technique. The orientation of fabric elements is described in terms of diffraction ratio which is analytically related to aggregate orientation of soil particles present. A rather random orientation of soil particles characterizes the Drammen clay. Hence, it has a relatively loose and open structure, which is further identified by its highly compressible nature and a high natural water content approaching the liquid limit.