An environmental study of the upper Carboniferous Talchir series of the Burhai basin, India. The lowest sediments are fluvioglacial outwash materials, containing fourteen conglomerate bands, each representing an oscillation of the ice front. These are overlain by valley-train siltstones and silt-shales. Current flow in both upper and lower beds was from the west-southwest. The possible origin of the Burhai and other Gondwana basins is discussed.