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Organisms are homeostatic organic wholes. Their organization is understandable, and fractally repeated, from the level of the cell to whole individual organisms, through higher taxonomie groups up to the level of the biosphere. This is not fully appreciated by most biologists and paleontologists owing to emphasis on investigation of the parts (individual organs) that constitute static anatomy, rather than the dynamic morphological interrelationships. The morphodynamic approach, which is largely synonymous with a holistic heterochronic approach, also allows us to view organisms as complex systems: i.e., as manifestations of iterative or recursive fractal organization.

Using the Schadian paradigm, already successfully...

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