Late Oligocene Reef-Tract Carbonates, Southwestern Puerto Rico
Published:January 01, 1983
The Guayanilla superhighway outcrop section of southwestern Puerto Rico offers an unusual chance to examine the development and diagenesis of an Oligocene fringing reef and carbonate platform. The stratigraphic section embodies a complex sequence of three cycles of reef development. Reef cycle 2, some 48 m (150 ft) thick, comprises the development of a major fringing or barrier reef at this locality. Reef growth in cycle 2 was inhibited by intermittent ecological stress, perhaps by upwelling colder waters, so that rhodolite-paved ramps replaced shelf margin framework. Tectonic downwarp drowned the reef tract, replacing it by deep open shelf conditions,...
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Carbonate Buildups-A Core Workshop
Carbonate buildups have long been a focus of intense geological study. An underlying reason is the importance of carbonate buildups as significant hydrocarbon reservoirs. This core workshop is intended to provide a “hands on” look at the subsurface geologic record created by carbonate buildups with emphasis on lithofacies, stratigraphy of buildups and their surrounding deposits, geometry, “reef”-building and sediment-producing organisms, and diagenesis and porosity evolution