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The Port Willunga Formation is a cool–water, marine, quartzose, clay–rich, biosiliceous, and calcareous sedimentary succession of Early Oligocene age that accumulated in a series of proximal estuarine paleoenvironments along the eastern side of the St. Vincent Basin, South Australia. Coeval strata in two of the paleo–embayments are interpreted to record deposition during one ~ 3.5 My–long eustatic sea–level fluctuation. Transgressive facies above a ravinement surface comprise quartzose sands (subaqueous marine tidal dunes) that grade upward into fossiliferous floatstones and mudstones (shoreface to shallow basin–floor environments) that accumulated in a protected embayment. Highstand sediments are distinctly cyclic at the meter...

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