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In the distal part of the Late Cretaceous Hidalgoan foreland basin in NE Mexico three isolated carbonate platforms nucleated on seafloor topography created by rising passive diapirs. Carbonate facies type and architecture of each platform was distinctly influenced by a combination of both short-term local conditions surrounding individual diapirs and by long-term regional conditions that affected the entire shelf. Local conditions included windward-leeward platform paleogeography, possible elevated nutrient levels at the salt- sediment interface, and halokinesis. Regional conditions included eustatic sea-level changes, foreland-basin tectonism, and siliciclastic sediment supply to the shelf.

Maastrichtian carbonate-platform facies are distributed asymmetrically across individual...

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