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Following the major mass extinctions at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary, reef ecosystems slowly recovered and scleractinian corals appeared progressively as the most efficient framework producers of Cenozoic times. This occurred, however, in several steps involving successively speciation and diversification of assemblages, acquisition of reef-building capacities, and expansion of reef ecosystems. Although buildups were represented mainly by reef mounds and mud mounds from Danian to early Eocene times, typical framework reefs dominated by coral assemblages became the most common type of bio construction from the middle Eocene, Buildups remained relatively scarce during the early Tertiary, however, and acquired a widespread development...

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