Middle and Late Permian Reefs—Distributional Patterns and Reservoir Potential
Published:January 01, 2002
Middle and Late Permian reefs flourished for about 20 million years in the Tethys, the Panthalassan ocean, the Delaware Basin, the Zechstein Basin, and the Northwest Pangean era tonic basin Eight reef types, which were differentiated on the basis of their taxonomic composition, belong to four significantly different reef environmental settings: (1) The Tethyan carbonate factory has the highest taxonomic diversity of macro-reefbuilders, yields massive, probably zooxanthellate rugose corals, and is mud-rich. Reef domains occur along the southwestern shelf margin and on Cimmerian as well as Cathyasian terranes. Typical representatives are sponge reefs found in Tunisia or Oman and...
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Phanerozoic Reef Patterns
Detecting patterns and processes of ecosystem evolution is among the main challenges of an integrated earth system science in the 21st century. The evolution of reefs reflects changes triggered by evolutionary innovations and variations in global and regional controls at different scales. The prime fossil record of Phanerozoic reefs offers the opportunity to trace these patterns through space and time. Phanerozoic Reef Patterns presents a comprehensive and up-to-date review on the history of reef building in the last 540 million years. A selection of internationally respected reef specialists presents a database on ancient reefs that is hardly available for any other ecosystem. The thoroughly documented patterns are analyzed with respect to global change, whose impact on living reefs is intensely discussed today. Phanerozoic Reef Patterns stands out from recent reviews on reef evolution by its careful qualitative and quantitative approach based on a comprehensive and multifaceted databank, by the strong focus on data, by a complete and unified coverage of the Phanerozoic from the Early Cambrian to the late Neogene, by emphasizing paleogeographic reef distributions presented on 32 newly developed color maps, and by a detailed index that makes the book a valuable research tool.