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Latest Devonian through mid-Carboniferous (Famennian-Bashkirian) time represents an interval of profound change in the style and extent of carbonate buildups and in the composition of buildup communities. Shallow-water reefs and/or reef mounds were widely distributed during the Famennian, despite the global decline since the Middle Devonian that culminated in the Frasnian-Famennian extinction event(s). Famennian buildups were constructed mainly by calcimicrobes and stromatolites with a few skeleton-dominated (stromatoporoid) examples, but buildups became very scarce by the end of the stage (Strunian), when nonrigid stroma toporoid-coral biostromes were more abundant. The low point in abundance and distribution of shallow-water reefs occurred...

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