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The Svalbard margin evolved to its present rifted configuration through a complex strike-slip history of both transtension and transpression. Because the Paleogene plate boundary, the De Geer Line, lay just west of Spitsbergen, many of the details of this structural evolution are contained in a narrow fold and thrust belt, and within a series of sedimentary basins, on Spitsbergen. The early to mid-Paleocene Central Basin was of extensional (possibly transtensional) origin, and contains more than 800 m of clastic deposits. It evolved from a series of partly connected coal basins to a single, open-marine basin. The late Paleocene to...

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